About Polish Cars

Polish Cars

Poland has a long, if not especially proud, tradition of car-building.

FSO

Most widely known (and mocked) are the products of FSO – Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych. This company was formed in 1951.

warsawa1

warsawa2

warsawa223

FSO built the Warsawa from 1951 to 1973 – the white car is the original, the blue one is an elderly later model 223.

Syrena_102

Syrena_104

The Syrena was built from 1957 to 1983.

Polski_Fiat_125p_1980

Under a licence agreement signed late in 1965, FSO began building a version of a Fiat 125 – the Polski-Fiat/FSO 125 so beloved of British jokers.

The FSO 125 remained in production until 1991.

FSO_Polonez_Cao

Polonez_Kombi

Although the FSO 125 had a long run, fashions did change and it was re-bodied in 1978 to become the (parallel) FSO Polonez. That car remained in production until 2002 – much later than many westerners would think – as the Caro.

chevvy aveo

FSO, the company, was privatised post-communism and for a number of years built Daewoos and Chevrolets. The last car of the FSO line was a Chevrolet Aveo, rolled off the line late in 2011.

FSM

Fiat has, for many years, built cars in Poland for the local and wider market – lower costs than their Italian factories. FSM, Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych, was formed in the early 1970s by Fiat and FSO, initially for the production of the Fiat 126p

Fiat_126_BIS

FSM_Syrena_R20

The FSM factory in Tychy produced successive versions of the 126 and, for a time, FSO Syrenas. The last 126 left the line in 2000.

Having been taken over by Fiat in 1991, the factories of FSM/Fiat Auto Poland have produced:

Fiat_Cinquecento

Fiat Cinquecento (1991 – 1998 at Tychy)

Fiat_Uno

Fiat Uno (1994 – 2002 at Bielsko-Biała and Tychy)

Fiat_Seicento

Fiat Seicento (1998 – 2009, at Tychy)

Siena

Fiat Siena (1997 – 2001 at Bielsko-Biała and Tychy)

Fiat_Palio_Weekend

Fiat Palio Weekend (1998 – 2004, Bielsko-Biała and Tychy)

f 500

f500 2

Fiat 500 (2007 – present, Tychy)

ka

ka2

Ford Ka (2008 – present)

Fiat_Panda

Fiat Nuova Panda (2003 – 2012)

ypsilon1

ypsilon2

ypsilonC

Lancia/Chrysler Ypsilon (2010 – present)

All Cinquecentos, Seicentos and new Pandas were made in Poland. Polish production of the Panda ended when as a consequence of the  agreement between Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti and Fiat directors not to close any of Fiat’s factories in Italy.

The plant at Bielsko-Biała now produces engines, only.

ZSD

Not exactly cars, but the Nysa and Zuk were based on the Warsawa, and often found use as family cars later in their lives.

Nysa

The Nysa was produced in the town of Nysa from 1958 to 1994.

Zuk

The Zuk, which translates as “beetle” was built in Lublin from 19958 to 1998

GM

General Motors built a new factory in Gliwice, near Katowice, in 1996 – car productions began in 1998.

Cars built at the plant have included:.

agila

agila2

Agila I /Suzuki Wagon R

astrac2

astrac21

zaf

Astra Classic II and Zafira II

Opel_Astra_GTC_2005

astra4

Astra IV

Opel_Cascada_Front

Opel_Cascada_Heckansicht

Cascada

astra41

And the plant is scheduled to produce the Astra V from 2015.

FSR

This relic deserves a place because the final model, the Honker, is still in production.

tarpan

tarpan 2

Arguably, the Polish LandRover, the Tarpan/Honker was designed as a car for agriculture – a farmer’s car.

tarpan 3

honker

Production began in Poznan in 1973 and today it’s built in Lublin.

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